Development of web sites and online applications is called web development. This is done by coding in different languages and by using several web development tools and frameworks. A complete web application may consist of a User Interface, Back-End Server Codes and a Database.
1) World Wide Web (WWW)
The word world wide web (www) is commonly known as the web. The Web is a collection of computers connected through a network to provide publicly accessible information.
2) Web Page
A webpage is a document commonly written in HTML that is accessible through internet by using internet browser.
A website is a collection of web pages containing text, images, and all types of multimedia related to a specific set of information. A website can be accessed through a Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
4) Web Browser
A web browser is a software application for accessing websites on the world wide web. Most common web browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Safari.
5) Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
It is the address of a resource on the internet (e.g https://www.google.com). It includes the following two components. The protocol used to access the resource (https://) The location of the server. (www.google.com)
6) Search Engine
A Search Engine is a web-based tool that enables a user to locate information on the web. Most popular search engines are Google, Yahoo, and Bing.
7) Home Page
A home page (also known as landing page) is a web page that serves
as the starting point of the website.
8) Web Hosting
Web Hosting is a service that allows a web developer to make a website publicly accessible through the internet.
9) Web Server
A web server is the computer that is responsible for serving a website and all of its content including text and media to a user.
Types Of Website
Portal: A web portal is a website that provides a single access point of information for all of its users. It collects information from different sources like emails, forums, search engines and presents it to the user in a uniform way. Yahoo and MSN are common examples of web portal.
A news website is the modern-day alternative for newspapers. Such websites contain everyday information related to current affairs, sports, politics, weather, health, technology, entertainment, etc.
Informational websites provide detailed information of any field. There are many dedicated informational websites for science, arts, sports, online trainings, research, etc.
Educational websites are purely designed to deliver educational material for both, teachers and students such as sabaq.pk, khan academy.org, etc.
A person can share about his or her biography or achievements in a custom developed website.
A business website is the best way for any organization to market their products and services. It also tells about the teams, policies and procedures of that business. For instance, www.psx.com.pk is the website of Pakistan Stock Exchange.
A blog is a special type of website that is composed of articles and posts. These articles are organized into categories and sorted by the time when they were published. WordPress is a popular blog site.
A forum is an online place where different users can discuss about any topic. These topics can be categorized so that users can easily locate topics of their interest.
An entertainment website serves content like videos or games purely for the purpose of entertainment. Youtube is widely used for entertainment.
Social website is a platform where different people get together and socialize with each other. They can also share their ideas, opinions and media. Facebook and Twitter are instances of social networking websites.